There are two entrances to the city
today. For an easy tour, begin at
the Magnesia Gate (Upper Gate)
located on the road going to
House of Mary. The photograph at the
top is the Upper Gate. Under the
trees is the gate the ruins. To the
right of the gate are various stores
and restaurants. One can also find
parking space here.
Across the road from the gate is a
field with remains of what was
thought to be the grave of St. Luke,
where a church was later built on
top of a former temple.
Going down the road towards
Selcuk is the actual Magnesia Gate itself, the only ancient gate still
visible at Ephesus. It was first built in the city walls by Lysimachus
in the 3rd century and magnificently restored by Vespasian (69-79).
There was once a sacred road leading from
the Temple to Artemis around
Mt. Panayir to this gate. Damianus built this colonnaded road in the 2nd